4 Top Basic Survival Needs are:
- Water - Adults can only survive 3 days without water
- Food - Adults survive 3 weeks without food
First course of action in a survival situation is to take an inventory of water supply so you can develop a conservation plan, then search for a fresh running water source or as a last option, a water source that needs sterilization.
Consider your body that loses up to 3 litres of water a day via respiration, perspiration and other activity in a variable temperature environment. Sickness can also increase bodily liquid loss through diarrhoea or vomiting - water replenishment must becopme top priority and including water-rich foods into your diet is a must.
6 Ways to Retain Water In Your Body
- Keep your body at rest and avoid inhalation of smoke
- Stay in a cool envornment, if not available, resort to being in the shade or create a shelter.
- Keep off of hot surfaces
- Keep digestion to a minimum as this contributes to liquid usage and loss. When choosing foods, stay away from fatty foods as this takes more energy to digest.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages as vital organs increase fluid consumption in order to process alcohol
- Keep conversation to a minimum and additionally inhale through your nose and not mouth
Water naturally drains into valleys so seek out geological features that would most like collect and store water.Often green vegetation will be a tell tale sign the water is in the area or located directly underneath.
If you come across a dry stream bed, it is highly probable that water can be found by digging.
Mountains also tend to be excellent natural water storage areas as water often gets trapped in crevices.
Warning: Exercise caution if a body of water is found without any vegetation surrounding it or animals as this could be an indication that it is polluted. Always boil water found and when in desert make sure to distill the water as well to avoid the salination.
DIY Water Collection:
Creating a catchment for dew and rain is best done in as large a collecting area as possible and to distribute to as many containers as possible. You can use a hole in the ground to capture water if you line the inside walls with clay then cover it for storage. Clothing can soak up a sufficient amount of water to be usable even when tied to the body as you walk through wet vegetation.
Note: If you have been deprived of water for a significant period of time - only drink in sips when you do find water as not to shock the body which can reflexively vomit as the introduction of too much liquid after dehydration can cause a negative reaction.